Leica has been developing optics for over 150 years, which has led us to an enormous wealth of know-how. Comparing yesterday’s capabilities with the technical possibilities of today enables us to choose the next step in our evolution. My name is Peter Karbe. I work at Leica Camera in the department for optical development. We mainly develop lenses for our camera systems. The M-System in its current form has been around since 1954 when the M3 was first introduced. Since then we have been committed to the M-System. What was developed here in 1954 has evolved over the years, but always with the aim that the camera does not differ significantly from the original M3. Leica has always stood by the M-System, adapting digitalization to the M-System rather than the other way round. Traditionally we want our optical systems to meet four different requirements: compactness,lens speed, imaging performance and robustness. These four factors are combined in any M-Lens and we have committed ourselves to always achieve maximum performance with the minimal amount of lens elements. Perfection in lenses goes far beyond designing beautiful MTF curves or nicely corrected aberrations. It means that a lot of effort has to be put into production so that ultimately, this perfection reaches the customer. Lens-construction is a craft and it takes a lot of skill, talent and understanding of the materials you use. All of these processes are highly dependent on the people who do it. That is why we are very proud of our colleagues and their day-to-day work in manufacturing and assemblage. The M-System is equipped with an M-Mount that has been on the market for more than 65 years, so you can combine old lenses with new cameras or new lenses with old cameras. The longevity and robustness on the one hand, the backward compatibility, but also all the innovations of the M-System, proves we created a system that combines history and future. The M camera educates photographers, similar to learning how to write with a fountain pen. Using a fountain pen might not be easy at the beginning, but once you’ve got it, you will not want to write any other way. In exactly the same way, the M might lead you to make mistakes at first, forcing you to improve your photography, just like the fountain pen corrects your handwriting. You will see that in your images afterwards. When we look at the works of Cartier-Bresson or other street photographers from the 1950s, it’s easy to spot their liveliness as the photographers concentrated more on the motif, getting the focus right automatically. An M camera naturally leads you to that point. And that’s how such beautiful photos come into existence.