Hi. I’m James Cook, Assistant Professor of social science at
the University of Maine at Augusta, and this quick how-to video is intended for students who would like to create a concept map and then would like to upload it so that
their instructor can see it. So we have a few internal links in this
video click on them and you can learn in general about how
to make a concept map you can learn in particular how to make
a concept map with pen and paper … or follow this link to learn about
how to create a concept map in Microsoft Word and finally click this link if you want
to learn how to create a concept map in Google Docs. In general, the idea of building a concept map is
simple because concept maps are only made up of two kinds of objects: the concepts
themselves usually referred to as a circle or oval with the label inside, and then another concept, and some connection between the two concepts with another label on top representing the substance
of the connection. There’s really nothing more to it. The
trick is for you to built that concept map from the inside out dump your brain on
a piece of paper and you may be surprised about
what other ideas you may have. So to do this, the first thing you need to do is list
your concepts. Think about your concept and write down a list of up to twenty
words that are related to it. For example, if we have the concept of
water we can come up with the the set of words wet hydrogen oxygen polar rooms liquid, so on and so forth.
You notice when I came up with this list I didn’t
quite get to 20 and that’s okay the idea is that twenty is really a capper, an upper limit so that you don’t have too much complexity. See what you can
come up with when you build a concept. Then, to build your
concept in general, you place the central concept the place
you’re starting from, right on top. Here we have water then choose 2 to 3 most importantly related
concepts and put them in almost anywhere underneath. This is your judgment call, and there is no right or wrong answer.
You just pick the three concepts listed that you think relate
more strongly to water. I pick molecule freezes and boils and
then you write up how connections are made between concepts. Use an arrow, usually a double-headed arrow, meaning that there’s some kind of
connection between molecule and water. Here, in this case, how would we read this? Would we say that molecule is water or that water is a molecule? Which one makes more sense? The second, so that’s what it means. water relates to molecule because water
is a kind of molecule. We would say water boils when it is hot so the next step looks complicated but it’s
really replication of the prior step. You just take all the rest of those concepts, all 20, and you place them in the map, so that related concepts are close to
one another and then you connect and describe all
the relationships between these subsidiary concepts, these lower level concepts. So, you’ll notice I placed hydrogen and
oxygen next to molecule. They’re close. Why?
Because there are connections there. Liquid is close to molecule. Why? because there’s a
connection. You notice that as we go down that sometimes there will be concepts that are connected to to other concepts; sometimes there are
concepts that are only connected to you one other concept. That’s fine. Build connections where you believe
they ought to be. Once you have connected and described all
these relationships, congratulations! You have a concept map. Perhaps the
simplest way of building a concept map is with pen and paper. Simply write out the concepts that you have in mind, starting with your
central concept. Lay them out as you’ve just seen on
this video and circle them. Connect them. Then, with a scanner or good digital camera, take a
picture. For all of your work, make sure that it’s
legible and head over to Blackboard or your other content managment system to submit by browsing for your picture file selecting it and hitting the submit
button. To make a concept map in Microsoft Word let’s open a document and let’s figure out how we can insert
and change and tap on shapes to do that. We’ll look up here at the top ribbon for “insert” and will look for “shapes” — pretty intuitive! We will click on
shapes (left click) and will look under basic shapes for
oval. Now, moving to the main workspace, we will
notice the cursor has changed to a plus. Left
click and then drag until your oval is just the right shape, the one that you like. Then to insert text (let’s say our concept map is for a word processor)
simply type on the shape when it”s selected. How
do you know it’s selected? You know, you’ll notice there are these
little boxes around. Eight of them. Those boxes also if you
hover over them allow you to change the shape of your oval. That’s pretty handy! What’s more, you might not be able to see “word
processor” right now but if you select it, the text, you can change the size until it’s just big enough. Oh no! Well, what if your text is too big for the oval? Change the shape. Drag those little boxes after you left click on them and you get the right
size. Now once you have an oval that has the right size text and the
right shape, the one you like, you’ll want to make copies
of it to make other concepts. How do you do
that? Well, first make sure that you selected your item and you can do that by
hovering over and clicking. Then head to the home ribbon and look for the command copy. Once you click that, its, uh, there’s a copy saved for you to be able
to paste and you just use the paste command. Then in order to move around your new
concept we’ll just hover over it and then left click and then move your trackpad
or mouse Great. Now, what’s another concept that might be connected to word processor
computer perhaps the computer what’s another concept that
might be Associated well let’s make another copy
copy … copy, paste … … and then let’s put that over there … Here’s another concept we’ve put up! We need to now connect these items, meet them up, and what can we connect them
with? well let’s head back to insert shapes and we’ll use a double-headed arrow, not
a line, because the double-headed arrow can be written on; the lines cannot. So you see this
left/right arrow? you can find it under “block arrows” or if you’ve used it before “recently used
shapes.” Let’s click on that and let’s head back
to our document find a nice space and we will left click and then drag until we have a nice big fat chunky arrow and as with an oval we can simply write on
it what connects word processor and computer … uh … A word processor is a software package on
a computer now perhaps that’s text is too small so again we will increase the size by clicking the “A up” Uh oh. Now we need to do what? We
need to change something about the shape of the arrow in order to you — there — in
order to make it possible for all the words to be seen. But there’s a problem. You’ll notice the
arrows are not pointing to our ovals. How can we change that? At the top here is a rotation icon hover over it and you’ll notice the cursor changes, then left-click and move your mouse or
trackpad around in order to get it in the right
angle then hover over the shape. Left click and drag your shape into just the right spot for you. We can
now copy this shape… copy… paste to make our second connection and we’ll hover over rotation to rotate
it in the right angle move it to the right
spot and then we will change the words. What connects word
processor and writing? word processor is a tool. for writing perhaps so we now have the elements in Microsoft
Word for concept map to upload this, if you are a student who is participating in a concept
mapping project, simply save, find a place to save it, and you can
save it as a concept map perhaps you might want to put your
name on it and save it as a .docx file. And then as before you can upload using the Blackboard tool on the Internet. New Section: To create a concept map using Google Docs you’ll first need to
access Google Docs if you have a regular Gmail account you
can access it that way if you have a University of Maine at
Augusta account for all students and faculty you can launch the portal and look for
the odd triangle with three colors; that icon
refers to Google and Google Docs or Google Drive they’re becoming
synonymous you can look for create button at the upper left. Click
it and find drawing. Now we have a fresh
drawing with nothing on it. we’d like to insert some shapes so we could either click insert shape or we could click on the shape icon. These do the same thing. if we look under shapes we will notice one
option is oval. Let’s click that and you’ll notice
that there is a plus icon left-click it and drag it to create a shape that you like, in a
size that you like. Wonderful! You’ll notice that there are a
number of boxes are surrounding it about eight of them I
left click and drag on that and you can change the size of your oval and then if you would like to create a label for it as you should
for all concepts perhaps the concept Google simply start typing when you have your oval selected. You know you have your oval selected when you have boxes around it To deselect click on something else; to re-select just click on the oval again. If you’d
like you can increase the size so that it’s very legible. You can also change the justification using the
alignment features … center it .. and once you have selected it you can head to “Edit” and copy and then again “Edit” and paste to make a copy of your concept. To move it select your oval then left click hold down that left button and drag, and now you have a copy that’s placed. To change that title double click on the
title and change it. Now what is Google? Some people would say it is cloud. Okay. and meaning that it’s on the Internet Um, how would we think about the
relationship between these two? We could add a shape that’s like a double-headed arrow that allows us to you think about the connection and
describe it now this arrow will be drawn left-right, but no
worries! After we have created it we will notice that at the
top there’s a little button. We click on it; we hover over on it. OK, there’s a plus sign
and we click on it! Hold that finger down, and then drag the arrow around. We can tilt that arrow, and then we can click on the arrow and drag it holding
that left button down again to move it into the right position
and I let’s try typing in it. Let’s see what
happens! Google lives in the cloud. Oh, perhaps we’d like to center that up and let’s make it big. OK! now we can select a concept copy it and paste it to create a copy then left click
and drag to move and perhaps you might want to think
about cost as a concept then we could select our arrow, copy and paste left click and drag to move and then we’ll want to look at that
little rotation button left click it and drag around in order
to change the rotation again move it by selecting then left clicking We could even change the width of it so that we’re not overlapping text too
much by clicking on those little blue buttons and resizing What’s the relationship between
Google and cost? google has no cost. okay so now we have some elements for a concept map of course you want to
create more but when you’re done you can give your drawing name — “my
concept map sample,” for instance, you might want
to add your name my name is James Cook and of course you want to send that to
me eventually if you’re one of my students to do that you might share it with me but its
always nice to have a physical copy on your computer especially if that’s being graded so you
can download as under File Try .png! PNG is a graphic format that can be
read by anyone. OK! Then once you have it saved to your computer
you can visit blackboard to upload it and submit it to me. directly. (References)