Human beings have one foot in the familiar
and one foot in the novel. And we’re actually biologically built to
be that way. We don’t want to run on autopilot. We don’t want to live Groundhog Day doing
the same thing, saying the same thing to the same people all the time. On the other hand we don’t want doors to
have new types of ways you unlock them and gravity is flipping upside down and the English
letters all the letters are scrambled every time you open the newspaper. We need some mixture of the two. Some sweet spot between novelty and familiarity. And the search for that sweet spot is not
something with a formula. It’s a constant experiment. And so in our own lives we’re constantly
navigating between the things that are the touchstones for us where we feel solidly grounded
and the places where we’re flying free and there isn’t a net under us. We often think that the most creative people
are the ones who leap straight to the right answers and inspiration right from the get
go. But actually when you look closely at it inspiration
is usually in the proliferation of a diversity of options. And what Picasso is to art, Beethoven is to
composing in that behind his works lie an enormous reservoir of sketches that Beethoven
left. And what you see when you look at those sketches
is in trying out ideas after idea after idea, working the material, never erasing anything,
constantly figuring out all sorts of options. And then picking his favorite out of those. And so one thing that I’ll tell my composition
students is banish the eraser and have lots of paper. Never make it that you are treading over like
treating your other ideas like sandcastles that get washed away by the sea, but rather
preserve everything so you have the maximum array of choices from which to pull your ultimate
decisions. You try to come up with as many possible solutions
as you possibly can. And you constantly challenge yourself. It’s not good enough to have one answer. It’s not good enough to have three answers. Let me come up with seven possible answers
to this. The physicist Richard Feynman said that his
whole success as a Nobel prize winning physicist was that he trained himself constantly to
come up with different ways of arriving at the right answer. So if he ever hit a roadblock he knew he could
just jump to another way of approaching the problem. And that’s just a wonderful attitude to
have with whatever one is trying to wrestle with creatively. And the second is this concept of scouting
the different distances. So you don’t want to just stay iterating
oh, we’ll do a red building and then we’ll do the same building green and then we’ll
do it blue. That’s not really pushing the envelope very
much. But can you do stuff that is fairly close
to the familiar and broaden it all out into the completely whacky and everything in between. And if you set that as a creative challenge
– let me come up with as many solutions as possible and let me fill this whole spectrum
from the familiar to the whacky. Then you end up with a very healthy creative
attitude and you tend to be very stimulated with ideas and constantly coming up with new
things.