Creativity is not simply original thinking, after all both of these paragraphs are equally original. They’re both unusual and both give voice to sentences that are probably never been uttered or written before these writers penned them. So, for something to be deemed creative however, it must not only be original, but it also must be useful and adaptive and solve a problem. James Joyce’s paragraph does that, because it’s part of solving the problem of telling a story. The second paragraph is not creative, because it’s not useful. It doesn’t solve a problem. By useful, we clearly do not mean pragmatic. James Joyce’s novel was useful in the sense that he was the first novelist to write from the perspective of inside a person’s unconcious mind. It has been so esteemed and deemed creative by experts and readers of English literature because it presented a powerful study of unconscious human thought and emotion. It can be useful in a literary, artistic, or aesthetic sense, in that people are inspired by it and make use of it in their own creations. The second quote, is equally as original but does not solve an important problem. In any useful or adaptive way. By itself, these phrases may be interesting but together, they’re not terribly coherent. Or were not made with the intent of shedding light on the inner workings of a human mind as was “Ulysses”. So. Creative thought and behavior requires two things. Originality or novelty of the thought and behavior, and that thought and behavior has to be useful and adaptive solution to some kind of problem. So new forms of art and literature, architecture, science technology, and business changed their fields. The field is different after the insight or innovation. Creativity changes things for the better. Of course the usefulness, our originality may not be immediately seen or appreciated. Truly creative thought, behavior may be well ahead of it’s time. So the evaluation of creativity is not limited to the here and now.