Hi everyone! I’m Canking. Today what I’m going to teach everyone to draw is the hand. That’s right, the hand. The hand consists of fingers and the palm, which have rather complex components. Because the components are so complex, they can be rather difficult to draw. Although personally, when I started drawing (around 10 years ago), I would draw like this: That’s right! If you don’t know how to draw hands, just don’t draw them! There should be many people who did the same as me; just straight-up not drawing the hands due to inability to draw them. It’s just, drawing your characters in really strange positions to hide the hands. Okay, so, what we’re going to learn today are the proportions of the hands. Once you’ve figured out the proportions it’ll be easy to see if you’ve done anything wrong. If you have anything that looks strange, the problem is likely the proportions. Okay, so let’s start. First, what you will have to prepare: A hand, and a ruler! And now you can start measuring… Now, what we need to measure is the ratio of the length of the finger to the palm, and then the joints of the finger, and then this length, and then the ratio of the thumb joint lengths, and then! The ratio of the knuckle lengths. Alright, next, here are our measurements: Nope! That is too many numbers that no one can remember, right? No problem! All we have to remember is that finger:palm is about 1:1, From here to here is 1:1, Here to here is 1:1 Here to here is also 1:1 Now that you’ve recorded that, if you still can’t remember it, let’s bend our hand into this shape. Does anyone feel like they recognize this shape? That’s right, it’s just an isosceles triangle. What are the proportions of an isosceles triangle again? Yup, it’s just 1:1:√2 If you can’t conceptualize √2, well, we know that the proportions of the isosceles triangle are 1:1:√2, and when we’re measuring the proportions we can just round it to 1.4. Eh? Aren’t these numbers the same as what we just measured? Didn’t we measure out 10cm, 10cm, and 14cm? That makes things a lot easier to remember, no? Once we know these proportions, it’ll make drawing a lot easier. Next, we’re going to demonstrate and try this with the most simple hand. So since we already talked about the 1:1 rule earlier, when we come to draw, our proportions will likely not be incorrect. Now we’re going to draw a line… Use this line as the base of your wrist. Your wrist has a bit of bulge; it’s here. Okay, next we’re going to draw a rectangle. Along the thumb area there’s going to be a bit of a triangle. This will be important later. Okay, we mentioned earlier that these two areas are 1:1, so next we’re going to sketch another area with the same size as the rectangle. Earlier we already recorded that… (Although we drew this a little long) So, the middle finger extends a little past the line. The pinky is about here, And everything else is just 1:1. Here is where the palm intersects with the fingers, so right here. From here we’re going to measure the rest of the spaces with 1:1 proportions. So now we’ve drawn in the knuckles… we’ve already mentioned that the finger joints are 1:1, so now let’s draw in 1:1 fingers. The area where the fingers intersect will look slightly webbed; make sure to draw that. And now we add the rest of the fingers. Make sure to go slowly. And then, the pinky will be little shorter than the rest. You can estimate it to be about 7/10 of the length of the rest of the fingers, so we’re going to draw it a little shorter. We already mentioned earlier that the length here is √2, which means that the length here is 2. We estimated √2 to be 1.4, which means that the thumb will not go past this 1/2 line. So this is about as far as the thumb will go. Next, splitting this section in half will give you the length of the joint, once you’re done drawing this you can compare it to a real hand; see, wasn’t that simple? The hand we just drew was the most simple type, and you might think that that was too simple, so let’s try something a little harder, like this image. Because there’s a bit more depth in this image, it’ll be a bit harder to draw. It’s just, if you haven’t fully grasped the dimensions of the fingers, or the proportions of the joints, it’ll be much harder to draw. Okay so let’s start! So that pose, because all five fingers are displayed, it appears a bit more complex. There’s more depth, the front fingers appear larger, and it’s overall more compacted. This isn’t a problem; we’ll deal with this finger by finger. Let’s begin with the pinky on this edge. So now let’s start on the pinky. Let’s use a red pencil to label these areas. See, here, it’s 1:1. Once we’ve drawn out the 1:1 pinky, we’ll start on the ring finger in front of the pinky. The joint lengths of the ring finger, as seen from the image, is also 1:1. Why? Because this, this section has been curved. See, when we start with a straight finger, it’s 1, and the when we bend it, the far joint becomes shorter, and the more we bend it, the shorter the far joint becomes, and the proportions of this finger work the same way. As a result, this joint has become short. So now, let’s… just draw it to this length. Okay, so this next finger will be drawn with the same concept as the previous one. The same concept also applies to the next finger. So we’ll draw the joints one-by-one. And here you can see, I didn’t mention this earlier but, the length of the palm and all of the thumb, you can estimate to be about 1:1. So from the palm here, to the thumb here… So you can see that these two sections are about 1:1 in length. And this thingy has been completed! Earlier, the image made things look really complex, But isn’t splitting everything up and drawing them one-by-one pretty easy after all? Just some more information, when you’re drawing finger joints, and you need to draw them section-by-section, when you draw them section-by-section, sometimes this middle line… you’ll sometimes have to indicate the joint here. The joint line here… You can draw it like this, or like this. But the meanings of these two lines are different. If I draw a line like this… like this, the feeling is… that it’s tilted and coming from this side. It appears like this. But if we draw it like this… so that is to say that if this line… is drawn like this, then the angle and curve of your finger is completely different. So when some people draw hands, and feel that the finger looks out-of-place, the problem is that the outside shape and inside components don’t match. This will make the finger look very strange. Proportions will help you understand the shape, but the inside components have to match the outside shape. That’s how you get a reasonable hand. And that’s that! If you liked this video you could like or share it. Some more precise information regarding hand proportions, I will bring up in my sketching course. If you’re interested, you could take a look. Today is Christmas, so Merry Christmas to everyone! Bye bye!